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  九部委整治地方重金属污染 将绘制中国污染地图  
  发表人:广州澳门投注网址传感科技有限公司   日期:2012-3-26  
     
 

   

在(zai)(zai)(zai)国(guo)家对(dui)重(zhong)金(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)属(shu)(shu)行(xing)(xing)业(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)(de)(de)环(huan)(huan)保(bao)(bao)(bao)整顿(dun)(dun)升级下(xia),像“铅(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)蓄(xu)(xu)电(dian)(dian)池行(xing)(xing)业(ye)(ye)80%企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)被勒令关停”的(de)(de)(de)(de)一幕,将(jiang)在(zai)(zai)(zai)更(geng)(geng)多涉(she)重(zhong)金(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)属(shu)(shu)行(xing)(xing)业(ye)(ye)加速上(shang)演。  环(huan)(huan)保(bao)(bao)(bao)部(bu)(bu)(bu)(bu)、国(guo)家发改委(wei)、工信部(bu)(bu)(bu)(bu)、监(jian)察部(bu)(bu)(bu)(bu)、司(si)法(fa)部(bu)(bu)(bu)(bu)、住建(jian)部(bu)(bu)(bu)(bu)、工商总局、安监(jian)总局、电(dian)(dian)监(jian)会(hui)(hui)(hui)21日晚间(jian)联(lian)合发布通(tong)知(zhi),要(yao)(yao)求在(zai)(zai)(zai)2012年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)深入开(kai)(kai)展整治违法(fa)排(pai)污企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)保(bao)(bao)(bao)障群众健康环(huan)(huan)保(bao)(bao)(bao)专项(xiang)(xiang)行(xing)(xing)动。环(huan)(huan)保(bao)(bao)(bao)部(bu)(bu)(bu)(bu)部(bu)(bu)(bu)(bu)长周生(sheng)贤在(zai)(zai)(zai)早间(jian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)电(dian)(dian)视电(dian)(dian)话会(hui)(hui)(hui)议上(shang)表(biao)示,要(yao)(yao)以(yi)最(zui)严厉(li)的(de)(de)(de)(de)措施整治重(zhong)点行(xing)(xing)业(ye)(ye)重(zhong)金(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)属(shu)(shu)排(pai)放企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)环(huan)(huan)境污染(ran)问(wen)题。  一位(wei)参(can)(can)会(hui)(hui)(hui)官(guan)员(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)向《经济(ji)参(can)(can)考报》记(ji)者透露,去年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)铅(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)蓄(xu)(xu)电(dian)(dian)池领域(yu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)“环(huan)(huan)保(bao)(bao)(bao)之火”将(jiang)延烧到(dao)涉(she)铅(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)、镉、汞(gong)、铬及类金(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)属(shu)(shu)砷(shen)的(de)(de)(de)(de)重(zhong)点行(xing)(xing)业(ye)(ye)及重(zhong)点地(di)(di)区(qu),九部(bu)(bu)(bu)(bu)委(wei)将(jiang)强令地(di)(di)方(fang)(fang)在(zai)(zai)(zai)年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)底(di)(di)前(qian)“亮(liang)老底(di)(di)”,从(cong)而倒逼各(ge)(ge)地(di)(di)重(zhong)金(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)属(shu)(shu)企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)关停整顿(dun)(dun)。  上(shang)述参(can)(can)会(hui)(hui)(hui)官(guan)员(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)称,相(xiang)对(dui)于2009年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)以(yi)来的(de)(de)(de)(de)历次专项(xiang)(xiang)行(xing)(xing)动,今(jin)年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)亮(liang)点在(zai)(zai)(zai)于,涉(she)铅(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)、镉、汞(gong)、铬及类金(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)属(shu)(shu)砷(shen)重(zhong)金(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)属(shu)(shu)排(pai)放企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)(de)(de)相(xiang)关信息(xi),均(jun)被要(yao)(yao)求比(bi)照去年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)铅(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)蓄(xu)(xu)电(dian)(dian)池“环(huan)(huan)保(bao)(bao)(bao)风暴”的(de)(de)(de)(de)标准向全(quan)社会(hui)(hui)(hui)公(gong)布。该官(guan)员(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)称,到(dao)今(jin)年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)底(di)(di),各(ge)(ge)地(di)(di)环(huan)(huan)保(bao)(bao)(bao)部(bu)(bu)(bu)(bu)门、民间(jian)环(huan)(huan)保(bao)(bao)(bao)组(zu)织均(jun)可以(yi)根据已公(gong)开(kai)(kai)数据“绘制(zhi)”一幅中国(guo)重(zhong)金(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)属(shu)(shu)污染(ran)的(de)(de)(de)(de)“地(di)(di)图”。  在(zai)(zai)(zai)信息(xi)公(gong)布标准方(fang)(fang)面,记(ji)者从(cong)环(huan)(huan)保(bao)(bao)(bao)部(bu)(bu)(bu)(bu)获悉(xi),全(quan)国(guo)31省(sheng)(不含港澳(ao)台,新(xin)(xin)疆生(sheng)产建(jian)设兵团单列)均(jun)公(gong)布了2011年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)铅(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)蓄(xu)(xu)电(dian)(dian)池生(sheng)产、组(zu)装(zhuang)及回收(再生(sheng)铅(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian))企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)名单,包(bao)括企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)名称、详细地(di)(di)址、生(sheng)产状态(在(zai)(zai)(zai)建(jian)、在(zai)(zai)(zai)产、关闭、停产等)、生(sheng)产类型、产量、危(wei)废处置量、废水废气排(pai)放是否达标等多项(xiang)(xiang)指(zhi)标。  中国(guo)科(ke)学(xue)院地(di)(di)球化学(xue)研究所(suo)(suo)副所(suo)(suo)长冯(feng)新(xin)(xin)斌告诉记(ji)者,区(qu)别于一般的(de)(de)(de)(de)排(pai)污,重(zhong)金(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)属(shu)(shu)污染(ran)物(wu)对(dui)于环(huan)(huan)境和人体(ti)的(de)(de)(de)(de)危(wei)害可能要(yao)(yao)到(dao)很多年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)后才爆发,因此被一些只重(zhong)视眼前(qian)利益的(de)(de)(de)(de)企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)所(suo)(suo)忽略。他说,上(shang)报所(suo)(suo)在(zai)(zai)(zai)区(qu)域(yu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)重(zhong)金(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)属(shu)(shu)污染(ran)企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)名单,无疑是给(ji)当地(di)(di)政府“政绩”带来压力,推动地(di)(di)方(fang)(fang)进行(xing)(xing)自(zi)主的(de)(de)(de)(de)整治行(xing)(xing)动。  周生(sheng)贤要(yao)(yao)求,各(ge)(ge)地(di)(di)要(yao)(yao)在(zai)(zai)(zai)2012年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)6月30日前(qian),公(gong)布辖区(qu)内所(suo)(suo)有重(zhong)有色(se)金(jin)(jin)(jin)(jin)属(shu)(shu)矿(kuang)采选、冶炼以(yi)及皮革鞣制(zhi)、电(dian)(dian)镀企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)(de)(de)名单及整治进展情况,更(geng)(geng)新(xin)(xin)铅(qian)(qian)(qian)(qian)蓄(xu)(xu)电(dian)(dian)池企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)整治信息(xi),接受社会(hui)(hui)(hui)监(jian)督。上(shang)述参(can)(can)会(hui)(hui)(hui)官(guan)员(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)向记(ji)者透露,专项(xiang)(xiang)行(xing)(xing)动的(de)(de)(de)(de)工作方(fang)(fang)案已通(tong)过各(ge)(ge)部(bu)(bu)(bu)(bu)委(wei)会(hui)(hui)(hui)签,要(yao)(yao)求各(ge)(ge)地(di)(di)在(zai)(zai)(zai)今(jin)年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)4月将(jiang)整体(ti)部(bu)(bu)(bu)(bu)署工作完成,分解九部(bu)(bu)(bu)(bu)委(wei)的(de)(de)(de)(de)任务目标;预(yu)计11月底(di)(di)专项(xiang)(xiang)行(xing)(xing)动“收官(guan)”。  

值(zhi)得注意的(de)(de)是(shi),本次环(huan)(huan)保专项行(xing)动力度(du)空前加(jia)大(da)(da)(da)。周生(sheng)贤(xian)在(zai)(zai)会(hui)议中(zhong)强(qiang)调(diao),特别是(shi)在(zai)(zai)涉(she)铅(qian)、镉、汞(gong)、铬及(ji)(ji)(ji)类金(jin)(jin)属(shu)(shu)砷(shen)的(de)(de)重(zhong)(zhong)点行(xing)业(ye)(ye)(ye)及(ji)(ji)(ji)重(zhong)(zhong)点地(di)区,严格执行(xing)“六个一(yi)(yi)律”和“双否(fou)决(jue)”。也(ye)就(jiu)是(shi)说(shuo),相关违法企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)将面(mian)临停止(zhi)建(jian)设或(huo)生(sheng)产、停产整治、停止(zhi)非(fei)法经营活动、追究(jiu)法律责任(ren)等(deng)重(zhong)(zhong)压;发生(sheng)重(zhong)(zhong)金(jin)(jin)属(shu)(shu)重(zhong)(zhong)大(da)(da)(da)污(wu)染事故的(de)(de)地(di)区,将被(bei)取消其“环(huan)(huan)境保护(hu)模范城市”“生(sheng)态示(shi)范区”等(deng)评优资(zi)格,并且(qie)否(fou)决(jue)该区域的(de)(de)重(zhong)(zhong)金(jin)(jin)属(shu)(shu)防治目(mu)标考核,从而(er)对其区域环(huan)(huan)评限批。  哪(na)些地(di)区和行(xing)业(ye)(ye)(ye)将受(shou)到(dao)较大(da)(da)(da)压力?中(zhong)国(guo)环(huan)(huan)境科学研(yan)究(jiu)院研(yan)究(jiu)员薛志钢(gang)告诉记者,就(jiu)其所(suo)在(zai)(zai)单位的(de)(de)调(diao)研(yan)所(suo)知,湖南长株(zhu)潭地(di)区、贵(gui)州(zhou)铜(tong)仁、辽宁葫芦岛均是(shi)重(zhong)(zhong)金(jin)(jin)属(shu)(shu)污(wu)染较为密集的(de)(de)典型地(di)区。  记者采访中(zhong)了(le)解到(dao),涉(she)铅(qian)、镉、汞(gong)、铬及(ji)(ji)(ji)类金(jin)(jin)属(shu)(shu)砷(shen)的(de)(de)行(xing)业(ye)(ye)(ye),除(chu)了(le)多集中(zhong)在(zai)(zai)有(you)(you)色(se)金(jin)(jin)属(shu)(shu)矿(kuang)产开(kai)采和冶炼外,还涉(she)及(ji)(ji)(ji)到(dao)电池、煤炭、医药等(deng)很多工业(ye)(ye)(ye)领(ling)域,不(bu)仅范围广且(qie)涉(she)及(ji)(ji)(ji)到(dao)的(de)(de)企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)数量(liang)规模惊人。  在(zai)(zai)国(guo)内(nei)一(yi)(yi)家大(da)(da)(da)型有(you)(you)色(se)金(jin)(jin)属(shu)(shu)集团内(nei)部人士看来,国(guo)家和地(di)方(fang)对重(zhong)(zhong)金(jin)(jin)属(shu)(shu)行(xing)业(ye)(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)整治将推动行(xing)业(ye)(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)兼并重(zhong)(zhong)组,不(bu)达(da)标的(de)(de)中(zhong)小(xiao)企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)将面(mian)临大(da)(da)(da)面(mian)积倒闭潮(chao)。  上海市环(huan)(huan)保局局长张全21日接受(shou)记者采访时建(jian)议,在(zai)(zai)重(zhong)(zhong)金(jin)(jin)属(shu)(shu)污(wu)染的(de)(de)末端治理(li)之外,国(guo)家亟待加(jia)快涉(she)重(zhong)(zhong)行(xing)业(ye)(ye)(ye)和企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)布(bu)局调(diao)整和结(jie)构调(diao)整。一(yi)(yi)是(shi)若上述(shu)行(xing)业(ye)(ye)(ye)和企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)集中(zhong)在(zai)(zai)人口密集区,即便(bian)单个企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)都实现(xian)达(da)标排(pai)污(wu),久(jiu)而(er)久(jiu)之还是(shi)可能(neng)超过当地(di)环(huan)(huan)境承(cheng)受(shou)力并危害(hai)人体(ti)健康;二是(shi)由于新能(neng)源(yuan)汽车(che)等(deng)行(xing)业(ye)(ye)(ye)对重(zhong)(zhong)金(jin)(jin)属(shu)(shu)存(cun)在(zai)(zai)巨(ju)大(da)(da)(da)需求,一(yi)(yi)些“小(xiao)、散、乱”企(qi)(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)仍(reng)会(hui)为利润“顶风作案(an)”;三是(shi)除(chu)了(le)有(you)(you)色(se)金(jin)(jin)属(shu)(shu)矿(kuang)采选(xuan)和冶炼等(deng)排(pai)放大(da)(da)(da)户外,搪(tang)瓷制(zhi)作工艺中(zhong)就(jiu)涉(she)及(ji)(ji)(ji)镉、铅(qian)、汞(gong)等(deng)重(zhong)(zhong)金(jin)(jin)属(shu)(shu),后者布(bu)局更(geng)分散,更(geng)易忽视,更(geng)难治理(li)。

 .................来源:http://www.chinaenvironment.com 中国环保(bao)网................

 

     
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